The following reports are a sampling from some of Canada’s leading housing experts. They provide a more in-depth study of the social housing issue and, in particular, the impact that the end of operating agreements will have – on tenants, housing providers, and on communities across Canada.
This paper explores what has happened to some social housing providers after the expiry of their social housing operating agreements, in addition to what other providers are anticipating with expiry on the horizon. The author concludes that the social housing where all or a large majority of their tenants are subsidized – those with the deepest needs ̶ will be in trouble when federal funding ends.
This paper examines a sample of over 200 social housing operating agreements, covering 8,600 social housing homes. Those sampled were chosen on the basis that previous research suggested they would be most at risk. The analysis found that 80% of the social housing homes sampled will require ongoing funding to continue to assist low income households.
This paper explores the impact of declining federal funding on social housing in the three Territories, where social housing is often the only option for middle and low-income families. The author assessed that social housing homes in the North will continue to deteriorate and be lost at a relatively fast rate if federal funding continues to decline. Northern climatic conditions and the limited fiscal capacity of the Territories are contributing factors to the particularly dire situation in the North.
This paper outlines the diversity of approaches to delivering social housing in Canada’s provinces and territories. At the time of writing in 2010, the paper concludes that 7.3% of the social housing stock had been lost since 1998. While much as been replaced with ‘affordable housing’, rents in these homes, while below-market, are typically much higher than rents for social housing and not affordable for those most vulnerable.
The Auditor General of New Brunswick identified the withdrawal of federal funding for social housing to be a significant risk for the Province of New Brunswick. The Auditor General assessed that by 2019/20, expenditures to the Province for social housing will exceed revenues by almost $50 million per year. Further noted was that by the time the last funding agreement with the federal government expires in 2034, the condition of many of the buildings will be considered too prohibitive to repair, with social housing for rural and aboriginal communities in the worst condition of all.